307 Rio Rd W, Charlottesville, VA 22901


Charlottesville Social Security Disability Lawyers | Virginia SSDI Benefits Attorneys

Have you been turned down by other law firms because it’s “too early” to get a disability attorney involved? Not us. We think the initial stage is the best time to help our clients prepare for their case. 

Contact us for a FREE, no-obligation, telephone consultation.  

What We Do for the Injured or Sick

Mary Ann Barnes at Tucker Griffin Barnes P.C. understands the frustration that results when you have been injured or become sick, and have to deal with government rules and paperwork to receive Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. If you have been injured or become sick, you are unable to work, and you require temporary or permanent disability benefits, Mary Ann Barnes, our Charlottesville and Harrisonburg Social Security Disability lawyer, can ease your mind and help you file for benefits or win an appeal if you have already been denied benefits.

Frequently asked questions about Social Security Disability cases in Virginia

What is the legal definition of Social Security Disability?

A person is considered disabled if he has a physical and/or emotional condition that renders him unable to perform substantial gainful activity, considering his age, education and past work history. The condition must have been or be expected to last one year (or to result in death.)

What is the practical definition of disability?

A disability is any medical condition that prevents you from working at a regular full-time job for at least 12 months.

When should I apply for Social Security Disability benefits?

You should apply for Social Security Disability benefits as soon as you and your doctors agree that your disability is going to last a full year. You are not eligible for benefits if your condition doesn’t last a full year; so many people have to wait for a while to see what happens with their medical condition. Others, who have been struggling to work in spite of their disability and know the condition is not going away, should apply as soon as they stop working.

How is determination of Disability made?

Disability is defined as the inability to do one’s previous job or any other substantial gainful activity due to a severe physical or mental impairment, as determined by a doctor. Such impairment must last or be expected to last for at least 12 months or to end in death.

The Social Security Administration (SSA) uses an evaluation system for determining whether a worker is disabled. The major questions to be answered, in order, are the following:

  • Step One: Is the person currently working and engaged in substantial gainful activity? If the answer is yes, the person is not considered disabled, regardless of medical condition. If the answer is no, go to Step Two.
  • Step Two: Does the person have a severe medical impairment or combination of impairments which can be expected to last for a continuing period of one year or result in death, and which significantly limits the ability to do basic work activity? If the answer is no, the person is not disabled. If the answer is yes, go to Step Three.
  • Step Three: Is the impairment (or combination of impairments) the same as or equivalent to an impairment found in the Listing of Impairments in Appendix I of the regulations, 20 C.F.R. pt. 404, subpt. P, app. 1? If the answer is yes, the impairment is automatically severe and prohibitive of gainful activity, and the person is disabled. If the answer is no, go to Step Four.
  • Step Four: What is the person’s ”residual functional capacity”? Does the person retain sufficient mental and physical capacity to meet the demands of the person’s former work? If the answer is yes, the person is not disabled. If the answer is no, go to Step Five.
  • Step Five: Does the person have sufficient residual functional capacity, when considered with the person’s age, education, and work experience, to be able to undertake other work activity?

The burden to prove disability is on the claimant from steps one through four, but the burden shifts to the government at step five.

Why do I need a lawyer to help me obtain SSDI benefits?

Do not be misled by companies advertising their ability to obtain SSD or SSI benefits. Most of these are not lawyers. You need an experienced SSD lawyer to put the full force of her knowledge and experience dealing with the Social Security Administration to work on your behalf.

Do I have to wait until I’ve been denied twice and at the hearing level to hire an attorney?

No. Not at Tucker Griffin Barnes. We accept cases at all stages, the initial claim, reconsideration and the administrative hearing level.

What is your fee structure?

We handle Social Security Disability cases on a contingency-fee basis. We do not get paid a legal fee unless you win. We offer an initial FREE, no-obligation telephone consultation.

Tucker Griffin Barnes PC – Where deep insight equals powerful advantage.


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